What makes a Modigliani neck so beautiful?

 Italian painter Amedeo Modigliani is known for his elegant swan-like necks. Real necks aren't quite so long, of course, but Modigliani's paintings demonstrate the attributes of aesthetically pleasing necks, as plastic surgeons see them.

These are the 4 main features of an attractive neck:


Jeanne Hebuterne with Hat and Necklace, Modigliani, 1917

1. A cervicomental angle of 105 to 120 degrees

This is the angle from the chin to the top of the neck to the bottom of the neck, when you are looking at your profile.

Portrait of Beatrice Hastings, Modigliani, 1916

Portrait of Margarita, Modigliani, 1916

2. A distinct jawline with a strong chin

This is the angular, well-projected lower third of the face.

Bust of Manuel Humbert, Modigliani, 1918

Portrait of Moise Kisling, Modigliani, 1915

3. A visible sternocleidomastoid muscle

This is the diagonal line you see on your neck when your head is slightly turned.

Margarita Seated, Modigliani, 1916

Portrait of Madame Zborowski, Modigliani, 1917

4. A face shaped like a cone, with the narrowest part down

The heart-shaped face sags and becomes more square-shaped as you age because jowls become prominent.

A Woman with a White Collar, Modigliani, 1916

Portrait of Beatrice Hastings, Modigliani, 1915

Less attractive necks lack these characteristics.

They have double-chins, less defined contours and angles, and a less elegant overall first impression.

Burgundian Woman, Modigliani, 1918

Germaine Survage with Earrings, Modigliani, 1918

The aesthetic principles here apply to the art of plastic surgery as well.

Neck microliposculpture, necklift, and chin implants are options for those who want to refine the features of the jawline, neck, and profile.